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Cadaqués is a town in the Alt Empordà comarca, in the province of Girona, Catalonia, Spain. It is on a bay in the middle of the Cap de Creus peninsula, near Cap de Creus cape, on the Costa Brava of the Mediterranean. It is only a two-and-a-quarter hour drive from Barcelona, and thus it is very accessible and not only attracts tourists but people who want a second home for weekends and summers. In 2002, Cadaqués had an official population of 2,612, but up to ten times as many people can live in the town during the peak of the summer tourism season.

Cadaqués has a special place in art history. Commanding charcoals, by local artist Mei Fren, of the 19th century Cadaqués beleaguered by a winter Tramontane, can be seen at the Cadaqués museum. Fren was the first modern artist to live in Cadaqués and gave the town many of his works and a marble top table on which he sketched many of its turn-of-the-century fishermen.

Salvador Dalí often visited Cadaqués in his childhood, and later kept a home in Port Lligat, a small village on a bay next to the town. A summer holiday here in 1916, spent with the family of Ramon Pichot is seen as especially important to Dalí’s artistic career. Other notable artists, including Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, Marcel Duchamp, Richard Hamilton, Albert Ràfols-Casamada, Antoni Pitxot, Henri-François Rey, Melina Mercouri and Maurice Boitel also spent time here. Cadaqués is mentioned in the story Tramontana by Gabriel García Márquez.

The interesting submarine life of this sleepy fishing village was studied for several years by phycologist Françoise Ardré, long before Cadaqués was discovered and transformed into a tourism destination.

Cadaqués és un municipi de l’Alt Empordà, a les Comarques Gironines.

L’origen del topònim és "Cap de Quers", que s’entén com a "Cap de roques". El terme quers prové d’una arrel molt antiga que es pot trobar en varis topònims de Catalunya (com Queralbs, Queralt), però també en zones veïnes o més llunyanes, com en els Alps (per exemple, la vall del Queyras). És un topònim que es troba sovint en regions de muntanyes.

El poble, situat a la badia del mateix nom, és presidit per l’església de Santa Maria, que conté un notable retaule barroc.

Quan va tornar de Nova York, Salvador Dalí es va instal·lar a Portlligat, un port natural del municipi. Dalí havia pensat situar el seu museu principal a Cadaqués en comptes de Figueres, on és actualment. La seva presència va fer que hi arribessin personatges tan destacats com García Lorca, Picasso o Walt Disney. L’artista francès Marcel Duchamp s’hi va instal.lar els estius desde 1958 i es ben coneguda la seva presència jugant a escacs al bar Melitón. Richard Hamilton, impulsor del Pop Art anglès i seguidor de Duchamp també freqüentà Cadaqués i exposà diverses vegades a la Galeria Cadaqués creada per l’arquitecte Lanfranco Bombelli. Molts altres artistes s’han vist seduïts per Cadaqués: Eliseu Meifrèn, Albert Ràfols-Casamada, Roca-Sastre, Àngel Planells (fill de Cadaqués), Tharrats, Eduard Arranz Bravo, Norman Foster, Ramon Aguilar Moré, Marc Aleu, Jordi Curós, Benguel, Rafael Bartolozzi, Shigeyoshi Koyama, Ramon Moscardó, Josep Moscardó, Francesc Todó, Josep Cruañas, Maria Girona, Isabel Garriga, Josep Rovira, Antoni Pitxot, Maurice Boitel i molts altres, així com nombroses persones vinculades al món de les arts.

Posted by Jaume CP BCN on 2013-01-23 08:56:57

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